It has been identified that a person who skips breakfast for more than three times a week is more likely to gain weight than those who have breakfast. In other words, if a person skips breakfast with intent to lose weight, it will actually produce an adverse effect.
According to a research by family medicine team at Kwak’s Hospital in Daegu of 1,524 men and 2,008 women (3,532 in total) over the age of 19 who participated in the national nutrition survey in 2014, those who skip breakfast are more likely to gain weight regardless of their gender. The weight gain ratio of the male group that skipped breakfast was 1.9 times higher than the group that had breakfast. This was also the case in the female group, with the group that skipped breakfast having 1.4 times higher chance of gaining weight that the group that had breakfast.
The research team distinguished people who had breakfast for less than four times a week as the group that skipped breakfast and those that had the meal for more than five times a week as the group that had breakfast. The group that skipped breakfast was 940 people, which is 26.6 percent of respondents.
Experts believe that the effect of hormones such as leptin and ghrelin, which are related to appetite, influences the weight when skipping a meal. If a person fasts or has a low protein diet, the amount of leptin released increases and makes that person eat more energy at the next meal.
It has been identified that the average age of the group that skipped breakfast was younger than the other group. Also, the group with a higher educational background was more likely to skip breakfast. The group who worked over 40 hours a week also skipped breakfast more than those who did not. Those who did regular cardio also skipped breakfast more often. As a result, young, high educated people with long working hours and who exercises more skip breakfast frequently. “Skipping breakfast is not helpful in losing weight,” concluded the research team.